In addition to its value as a primary foreign currency earner for the country, rice remains the staple food of choice for Thais, with per-capita consumption ranging from 80 kg for urban households, up to around 155 kg per rural household and up to 125 kg per year in low-income households, according to the USDA.
How much rice does Thailand produce in a year?
In 2019, the production volume of rice in Thailand was round 24 million tons. Such value was forecasted to be around 25 million tons in 2020.
Is rice popular in Thailand?
Thailand has long been known as the “rice bowl of Asia.” Rice is not only Thailand’s most staple and consumed food it is also a central part of Thai culture. … Rice is also important to Thai culture due to its nutritional and life-giving benefits.
Why is Thailand one of the world’s leading producer of rice?
Thailand has a strong tradition of rice production. It has the fifth-largest amount of land under rice cultivation in the world and is the world’s second largest exporter of rice. … Rice is water intensive: one calculation says rice requires 1,500 cubic metres (400,000 US gal) of water per cultivated rai.
How is rice used in Thailand?
Rice has been in Thailand for 5000 years and is served with every meal. The two main kinds of used in Thai cooking, are a long-grain rice called Jasmine rice and a short-grained rice called sticky rice or sweet rice. The importance of rice is reflected in the language. The word for “to eat” in Thai is kin.
Who is the largest exporter of rice?
India: As of 2020-21, India had the highest export volume of rice worldwide, at 15.5 million metric tons.
Which country produces the most rice?
Globally, the top rice-producing country is China, followed by India.
How much rice is produced in Thailand?
Thailand is the sixth largest rice-producing country in the world, with a total rice production of 32.2 Mt in 2018 (FAOSTAT, 2020). Major rice growing areas are located in the north, central, and northeast regions, accounting for a respective 20%, 24%, and 50% of the national rice area (GRiSP, 2013; USDA, 2015).
What is rice called in Thai?
Thai Rice – ข้าว – kâao.
Why is Thai rice so good?
One advantageous property of Thai rice over other types is its ability to retain its moisture content, nutrition, and taste long after it has been cooked.
Is Thailand the biggest rice exporter?
Thailand thus fell to being the third-largest rice exporter in 2020, surpassed by Vietnam, which exported 6.16 million tons. Weakened price competitiveness is one reason for the fall in Thailand’s position as a rice exporter.
Is Basmati rice grown in Thailand?
One petition, filed with the US Department of Agriculture, demands that it amend its rice standards on ‘aromatic’ rice to clarify that the term ‘basmati’ can only be used for rice grown in India and Pakistan, and the word ‘jasmine’ grown in Thailand.
How many types of rice are there in Thailand?
There are altogether 89 varieties of local rice which include 16 in Central region, 12 in Northern region, 23 in Northeastern region, and 38 in Southern region. Among them are of 2 types: 21 varieties of glutinous rice and 68 varieties of non-glutinous rice.
What is the best rice in the world?
4 (Xinhua) — The Thai Rice Exporters Association on Friday announced that Thailand’s jasmine rice 105 variety has been named the world’s best-tasting rice this year at the 12th Rice Trader World Rice Conference 2020 in the United States. The contest was held virtually from Tuesday to Thursday, said the association.
Is Thai rice good?
The World Rice Conference has declared Thailand’s fragrant Hom Mali variety the world’s best rice, maintaining Thailand’s number one position after several years of lower rice quality due to a previous rice-pledging scheme.
How much rice is produced per hectare?
The average yield of rice (seeds) per hectare is 3 – 6 tons. In some countries like Australia and in Egypt, the yield can increase to an amazing 10 – 12 tons or more per hectare. (1 ton = 1000 kg = 2200 lbs.