The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.
When did France Colonise Vietnam?
Vietnam became a French colony in 1877 with the founding of French Indochina, which included Tonkin, Annam, Cochin China and Cambodia. (Laos was added in 1893.) The French lost control of their colony briefly during World War II, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam.
Why did France colonize Indochina?
The French Come to Indochina
As early as the 16th century European missionaries were welcomed in Indochina for their technical skills and connections to European suppliers of modern weapons and western merchandise.
How did France influence Vietnam?
The famous Reunification Express, the railway line between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, was originally built under French rule. Many of the roads and bridges in Vietnam were also first built under French supervision. Probably the most famous example is the Long Biên Bridge in Hanoi—formerly the Paul Doumer Bridge.
How did the French colonize Vietnam?
France obtained control over northern Vietnam following its victory over China in the Sino-French War (1884–85). French Indochina was formed on 17 October 1887 from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam) and the Kingdom of Cambodia; Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893.
How did the Vietnamese react to French colonialism?
French colonists and the heads of ‘bandits’ (Vietnamese rebels). The French were not the first conquerors of Vietnam, so the Vietnamese people were no strangers to resisting foreign domination. Vietnamese resistance to French colonialism was energetic and determined, if not always successful.
Why were the French in Vietnam in 1954?
French trainers did not abruptly withdraw in 1954 after the Geneva accords, and, indeed, there was a French desire to stay involved in training the South Vietnamese. Part of this may have been pride, and partially a desire to maintain French influence.
Were the French involved in the Vietnam War?
France. France had been a long-time occupier of Vietnam before 1954. It wanted no part of the new conflict. After World War II, France reoccupied Vietnam as part of its attempt to reclaim its prewar empire.
How did the French view the Vietnamese?
Initially confident of victory, the French long ignored the real political cause of the war—the desire of the Vietnamese people, including their anticommunist leaders, to achieve unity and independence for their country. French efforts to deal with those issues were devious and ineffective.
What impact did the French rule have on the area conquered?
French colonialism did provide some benefits for Vietnamese society, most noticeable of which were improvements in education. French missionaries, officials and their families opened primary schools and provided lessons in both French and Viet languages. Hope it helps.
Was France colonized or a colonizer?
The French colonized North America, India and Africa before the English.
Why did the Vietnamese want independence?
In early 1945, Japan ousted the French administration in Vietnam and executed numerous French officials. When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam.