When did Indonesia get independence from the Dutch?

In December 1949, after four years of military and diplomatic confrontation with the Netherlands, the Dutch Government finally recognised the independence of the Dutch East Indies, which became the Republic of the United States of Indonesia.

How many years did the Dutch rule Indonesia?

For example, when you talk to an Indonesian individual about the colonial period (whether the individual is highly educated or uneducated) he/she will say that Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch for three and a half centuries.

How did Indonesia get independence?

Indonesia gained its independence at the end of WW2 in 1945. The Dutch ruled Indonesia until the Japenese invasion and subsequent occupation in 1942. … After the Japanese surrendered in 1945, Indonesia was declared independent by Sukarno, the country’s first president.

How did the Dutch lose Indonesia?

Sukarno’s government campaigned for Indonesian control of the territory, and with pressure from the United States, the Netherlands agreed to the New York Agreement which ceded the territory to Indonesian administration in May 1963.

How was Indonesia colonized by the Dutch?

In 1602, the Dutch parliament awarded the VOC a monopoly on trade and colonial activities in the region at a time before the company controlled any territory in Java. In 1619, the VOC conquered the West Javan city of Jayakarta, where they founded the city of Batavia (present-day Jakarta).

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When did the Dutch invade Indonesia?

The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.

How many Dutch soldiers died in Indonesia?

Around 100 Dutch soldiers died. The number of civilian casualties and refugees, particularly among the Indonesian rural population, remains unknown altogether—not to mention the material damage inflicted by both armies to towns and villages in rural Java and Sumatra.

Was Indonesia colonized by the British?

From 1811 to 1815, Indonesia was administrated by the British. … The British ruled the Malay Peninsula (British Malaya) and Northern Borneo, while the Dutch controlled Java, Sumatra, and most of the Indonesian archipelago until the Japanese invasion in 1942.

Are there still Dutch in Indonesia?

Over a 15-year period after the Republic of Indonesia became an independent state, virtually the entire Dutch population, Indische Nederlanders (Dutch Indonesians), estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000, left the former Dutch East Indies.

Is Dutch still spoken in Indonesia?

In the 19th century Indonesia became a colony of the Netherlands and the Dutch language became an official language of Indonesia. After independence the Dutch language lost its power and popularity. If you go there now you will find that mostly older people still speak it.

Did the Dutch have slaves in Indonesia?

The Dutch government abolished slavery in its former Asian territories as late as 1860, followed by its American colonies in 1863. In practice however, after 1860 slavery continued to exist for many years in the Indonesian archipelago, albeit on a reduced scale.

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When was Indonesia created?

… satellite regimes in Burma and Indonesia in both of which preexisting local parties proved capable of creating sovereign states after the war. On August 17, 1945, Sukarno declared Indonesia independent.

How old is Indonesia independence?

Indonesia had been a Dutch colony for over 300 years when a group of revolutionaries declared independence on 17 August 1945. It took Indonesians four years of diplomacy and armed struggle before their independence was formally granted by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.

What was the original name of Indonesia?

Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies).