Some 300 ethnic groups call Indonesia home, but most (45 percent) of Indonesians are Javanese. In addition, 14 percent are Sundanese, 7.5 percent Madurese, 7.5 percent coastal Malays, and 26 percent are of other ethnic groups. There are more than 700 languages and dialects spoken in the archipelago.
What ethnic groups make up Indonesia?
Unity in Diversity: Indonesia’s Six Largest Ethnic Groups
- Javanese. Javanese people, native to the island of Java, is the largest ethnic group in Indonesia with more than 95.2 million people, make up 40 percent of the total population. …
- Sundanese. …
- Batak. …
- Sulawesi. …
- Madurese. …
How many ethnicities are in Indonesia?
There are 1,300 recognised ethnic groups in Indonesia. The vast majority of those belong to the Austronesian peoples. Based on ethnic classification, the largest ethnic group in Indonesia is the Javanese who make up about 40% of the total population.
How ethnically diverse is Indonesia?
As one of the most ethnically diverse societies, Indonesia consists of 1,300 ethnic groups with at least 95 percent native to the archipelago. Minority migrant groups, such as Chinese, Arab and Indian, make up the remainder.
Is Indonesian a race or ethnicity?
|Ethnic groups||Population (million)||Main Regions|
|Javanese||95.217||Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Lampung, Jakarta|
|Sundanese||31.765||West Java, Banten, Lampung|
|Malay||8.789||Sumatra eastern coast, West Kalimantan|
|Madurese||6.807||Madura island, East Java|
What is Indonesian mixed?
Indonesian people are a mix of different genetic groups of Homo sapiens who travelled from Africa in waves spanning tens of thousands years via different routes to the archipelago.
How many cultures are in Indonesia?
More than 300 ethnic groups and cultures, with dozens of languages, different social and cultural backgrounds with European, Middle Eastern, and Asian influences make up the unique society of Indonesia and Indonesian culture.
Is Indonesia multicultural?
Indonesia is multicultural state, sufficiently tolerant, but, any time, ethnic conflicts may appear. Therefore, Indonesia must implement multicultural education continuously focusing on (1) regions, ethnics and traditions; (20) faith; and (3) tolerance.
What is the largest ethnic groups in Indonesia?
The Javanese constitute Indonesia’s largest ethnic group, accounting for roughly one-third of the total population. Most Javanese live in the densely settled, irrigated agricultural regions of central and eastern Java—the most populous parts of the country.
What are the 3 largest ethnic groups?
Black and African Americans make up the second largest group in the United States, but the third largest group after White Americans and Hispanic or Latino Americans (of any race).
What is Indonesian ancestry?
Around 95% of Indonesians are Native Indonesians (formerly grouped as “Pribumi”), with 40% Javanese and 15% Sundanese forming the majority, while the other 5% are Indonesians with ancestry from foreign origin, such as Arab Indonesians, Chinese Indonesians, Indian Indonesians, and Indos.
Is Indonesia the most diverse country?
With over 17,000 islands spread across the Pacific and Indian Ocean, and home to more than 200 ethnic groups with over 300 spoken languages, Indonesia is arguably the most geographically and culturally diverse country in the world.
Is Indonesia homogeneous?
Despite this vast diversity, most Indonesians live in ethnically homogeneous communities. Of the more than 60,000 urban and rural villages in Indonesia, the median village has an ELF of 0.05.
What are the 5 ethnic groups?
Categorizing Race and Ethnicity
- Black or African American.
- American Indian or Alaska Native.
- Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.