In terms of Myanmar’s main crop production, it is renowned for its production of rice, sugar cane, and dry beans, among other vegetables. Interestingly, Myanmar was once the biggest exporter of rice in Asia.
What are the main crops of Myanmar?
Rice is the most important dominating crop and is grown in saline area mostly found in lower Myanmar especially in Ayeyarwady, Yangon, Taninthayi Divisions and also in Yakhine and Mon States.
What is the agriculture in Myanmar?
Burma’s agricultural exports include rice, maize, black gram, green gram, pigeon pea, chickpea, sesame, onion, tamarind, raw rubber, vegetables, and fruits.
How much percent Myanmar agriculture is done?
Myanmar Economy and the role of Agriculture
The agriculture sector contributes to 37.8 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), accounts for 25 to 30 percent of total export earnings and employs 70 percent of the labour force.
Does Myanmar focus on agriculture?
It is even said that Myanmar has the most favorable agricultural conditions in all of Asia. Almost anything can be grown in the country, from fruits to vegetables, from rice to pulses. The agriculture sector dominates the economy, contributing 38% of GDP, and employing more than 60% of the workforce.
What are the natural resources in Myanmar?
Myanmar is rich in many types of natural resources, including timber, oil and gas, minerals and gemstones, and potential hydropower.
Which is capital of Myanmar?
Nay Pyi Taw, (Burmese: “Abode of Kings”) also spelled Nay Pyi Daw or Naypyidaw, city, capital of Myanmar (Burma).
When did farming start in Myanmar?
It is thought that as far back as 3,500 years ago people were cultivating rice and domesticating pigs and chicken in the Irrawaddy valley.
How many people are farmers in Myanmar?
2.2 Around 70 % of Myanmar’s population live in rural areas, and agriculture is still the largest sector of the economy. In 2015, farming provided 32 % of GDP, 17 % of exports and 50 % of all employment.
How do I grow rice in Myanmar?
This involves broadcasting or dibbling non-germinated seeds to dry soils in order to establish crops, which are transplanted during monsoon season. Historically, rice was cultivated during monsoon season once a year, with rare pulse crops planted among heavy clay soil areas in the delta following the main rice harvest.
What products does Myanmar produce?
Natural gas is Myanmar’s primary export, followed by pulses (mostly dried beans), teak, and minerals and gems. Its principal imports include machinery and equipment, industrial raw materials, and consumer goods.
Are there sheep in Myanmar?
Goats and sheep (‘small ruminants’) are important livestock species in the Central Dry Zone (CDZ) of Myanmar, often kept by poorer and landless households. They are often an important agricultural activity for women.
What do the people grow in Yangon?
Yangon is Myanmar’s main centre for trade and handles more than 80 percent of the country’s foreign commerce. Rice, teak, and metal ores are the principal exports.
What is the reason why agricultural productivity of Myanmar is low?
Paddy yields are lower because of lower levels of input use, particularly improved seeds and fertilizers, inefficient weed and pest control, and uncertain water management (Denning and others 2013).
What is the currency in Myanmar?
The Myanmar Kyat (MMT) is Myanmar’s national currency. It was introduced in 1952 following a series of political and economic reorganizations.
What is the education system in Myanmar?
1.1 The current basic education system in Myanmar comprises six years of primary (Grade 1 to Grade 6), three years of lower secondary (Grade 7 to Grade 9) and two years of upper secondary (Grade 10 and Grade 11) education. … The official commencement date for schools in Myanmar is 1st June every year.