How many endemic plants and animals are there in the Philippines?

The Philippines has more than 52,177 described species, half of which are endemic or found nowhere else on earth. In terms of terrestrial vertebrates, the Philippines is known to host 1,238 species of which 618 (or 50%) is endemic.

How many endemic plants are there in the Philippines?

Plants. At the very least, one-third of the more than 9,250 vascular plant species native to the Philippines are endemic. Plant endemism in the hotspot is mostly concentrated at the species level; there are no endemic plant families and 26 endemic genera.

How many animals are endemic in Philippines?

Based on the data of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), the Philippines has an estimated 207 terrestrial mammals (133 are endemic), 691 birds (239 endemic), 419 reptiles (241 endemic) and 120 amphibians (98 endemic).

What are the endemic plants and animals in the Philippines?

Other endemic mammals include the Philippine warty pig, the Visayan spotted deer, Negros naked-backed fruit bat and the Palawan bearcat. The Philippines is home to the world’s largest bat, the golden-capped fruit bat, as well as the world’s smallest primate, the Philippine tarsier.

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What are the 10 endemic plants found in the Philippines?

The country also supports the growth of many endemic plant species like Tectona philippinensis.

Native Plants Of The Philippines.

Native Plants of the Philippines Scientific Binomial Name
Philippine teak Tectona philippinensis
Cebu Cinnamon Tree Cinnamomum cebuense
Balakat Ziziphus talanai
Kris Plant Alocasia sanderiana

What are the endemic trees in the Philippines?

Some of the Philippine endemic trees include dapdap (Erythrina variegata), molave (Vitex parviflora), malabulak (Bombax ceiba), and katmon (Dillenia philippinensis). Aside from oxygen, these trees can store and absorb large amounts of water that helps to alleviate the impacts of the flood.

Is Sampaguita endemic in the Philippines?

On the other hand, Sampaguita (Jasminum sambac), which was adopted as the country’s national flower as early as 1934, is not endemic to the country because it can also be found across South Asia, Hawaii and even the Middle East, where it is known as the Arabian Jasmine.

What is an endemic plant?

Endemic plants are special because they are found in only one location on the planet, and nowhere else. Great Basin National Park is home to several endemic plant and animal species. The “sky island” geography of the Great Basin region lends itself to large numbers of highly specialized species.

What are the plants in the Philippines?

List

  • Abaca – Musa textilis.
  • Acacia.
  • Almaciga – Agathis philippinensis.
  • Atis – Annona squamosa.
  • Banaba – Lagerstroemia speciosa.
  • Banana.
  • Bayabas – Psidium guajava.
  • Breadfruit – Artocarpus altilis.

How many endemic flowers are in the Philippines?

The vibrant display of plant life in the Philippines includes more than 6,000 endemic species.

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Is tarsier endemic in the Philippines?

Philippine Tarsier

This species (Carlito syrichta) is endemic to the Southern Philippine islands of Bohol, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao. It occupies mainly forests and bush thickets. It has also been observed in mangrove forest.

Is tamaraw endemic in the Philippines?

The Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis), or Mindoro Dwarf Buffalo, is solely endemic to the island of Mindoro (9,735 km²). It is the only wild cattle species living in the Philippine archipelago. … The species has gradually been confined within the mountainous interior of the island.

How many endangered endemic species are there in the Philippines?

As of the day this article was published, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), has declared 418 animal species in the Philippines to be threatened: meaning they are either vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered, according to the IUCN red list criteria.

What is an example of endemic plants?

Sometimes species become endemic due to habitat destruction. While not geographically isolated on an island, the Redwood Forest on the West Coast of the United States is endemic in that it is now almost entirely limited to California.

How many trees are there in the Philippines?

After all, the Philippines has 3,600 identified native trees, 67 percent of which are endemic, found only in our country.

Is Narra endemic to the Philippines?

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT

The narra is commonly found in primary, and in some areas, secondary forests at low and medium altitudes throughout the Philippines. It is endemic to tropical and temperate Asia and Malaysia and to the north and southwest Pacific zones.

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