These include a permanent ban on issuing new permits to clear primary forests and peatlands; a moratorium on new oil palm plantation licenses; forest fire mitigation; a social forestry program; land rehabilitation; and increased enforcement against environmental violations.
How does Indonesia manage deforestation?
Large areas of forest in Indonesia have been cleared by large multinational pulp companies, such as Asia Pulp and Paper, and replaced by plantations. Forests are often burned by farmers and plantation owners. Another major source of deforestation is the logging industry, driven by demand from China and Japan.
What actions are being taken in Indonesia to protect the forests?
Indonesia aims to transform its forests into a carbon sink by 2030 by reducing deforestation and increasing reforestation, as the country targets going carbon neutral by 2070.
Is deforestation a problem in Indonesia?
Sadly, Indonesia has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world, and just under half of the country’s original forest cover now remains.
Is deforestation illegal in Indonesia?
The Government of Indonesia has committed to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. However, the country suffers from one of the most significant illegal logging and illegal land clearing conditions in the world.
Why is Indonesia being deforested?
Despite government regulations, Indonesia’s forests are still being cleared for palm oil, pulp wood, logging and mining. Palm oil continues to be one of the leading drivers of deforestation and Indonesia is the largest producer of palm oil.
What causes deforestation in Indonesia?
Large-scale agriculture, primarily for growing oil palms, remains a major cause of deforestation in Indonesia, but its impact has diminished proportionately in recent years as other natural and human causes emerge, a new Duke University study finds.
Is deforestation in Indonesia getting better or worse?
“If we do not take immediate and substantial action to stop deforestation … we cannot achieve our modest emissions reductions goals,” he said. Although its rate of deforestation has slowed markedly since 2015, Indonesia’s vast forests are still shrinking.
Why should we care about deforestation in Indonesia?
Deforestation increases conflict between tigers and humans, and makes tigers more vulnerable to poaching. Between 1998 and 2011, 638 human-tiger conflicts were recorded in Sumatra, in which tigers killed 72 people and wounded 63 more. These conflicts resulted in the deaths of 59 tigers.
How can we protect the Indonesian rainforest?
Indonesia has some of the world’s most intact and diverse tropical rainforests, many of global significance.
- Extend Indonesia’s forest and peatland moratorium. …
- Resolve land use conflicts. …
- Use new financial models for conservation and restoration. …
- Improve agricultural value chains and reduce food loss and waste.
Where does deforestation happen in Indonesia?
This deforestation predominantly occurred on the large islands of Sumatra (47% of national deforestation) and Kalimantan (40% of national deforestation) (Margono et al 2014).
Is Indonesia still burning forest?
JAKARTA — Indonesia’s land and forest fires burned a greater area this year than in 2020, with most of the fires occurring in West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara, two provinces that were until recently not major sites of burning. … Fires in peat land in Cengal of South Sumatra’s Ogan Komering Ilir district.
How many trees are cut down in Indonesia?
Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Indonesia
|Year||Primary forest||Tree cover (30%)|
|Primary loss 2002-2018||9,154,000|
How much deforestation in Indonesia is illegal?
Illegal logging is a major contributor to the loss of Indonesia’s forests. A 2007 United Nations Environment Program report estimated that 73-88% of timber logged in Indonesia is illegally sourced. More recent estimates place the figure at a lower, but still troubling rate of 40-55%.
How much of Indonesia is forest?
According to the U.N. FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.
What is the extent of deforestation in Indonesia in 2020?
The country lost 115,459 hectares (285,300 acres) of forest cover in 2020, an area the size of Los Angeles. That’s a 75% drop from 2019, according to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry.