Why did Legazpi succeed in colonizing the Philippines?

For Legazpi, the goal of the expedition was to establish direct contact between Asian trading centers and New Spain, making the Kingdom of Castile competitive with Portugal in developing potentially lucrative trade with the China coast, Japan and the Spice Islands.

How did Legazpi colonize the Philippines?

After deposing a local Muslim ruler, in 1571 he established the city of Manila, which became the capital of the new Spanish colony and Spain’s major trading port in East Asia. Legazpi repulsed two attacks by the Portuguese, in 1568 and 1571, and easily overcame the poorly organized Filipinos’ resistance.

Why was de Legazpi expedition considered the most successful one?

Legacy. The López de Legazpi and Urdaneta expedition to the Philippines effectively created the trans-Pacific Manila galleon trade, in which silver mined from Mexico and Potosí was exchanged for Chinese silk, porcelain, Indonesian spices, Indian gems and other goods precious to Europe at the time.

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Did they succeed in colonizing the Philippines?

Only the last two actually reached the Philippines; and only Legazpi succeeded in colonizing the Islands. … The route from Mexico to the Philippines was a shorter route, and eventually trade was established between Acapulco and Manila called the Manila Galleon trade.

Who helped Legazpi to move and colonized Manila?

The first expedition to Manila in 1570 was led by Martin de Goiti and Legazpi’s 18-year old grandson, Juan de Salcedo. The latter would provide a glamorous, dashing figure to the Legazpi chapter in the Philippines. Rajah Soliman, chieftain of Manila, and Goiti entered into a blood compact.

Why was the Royal Audiencia established in the Philippines?

During the 16th century, audiencias were established in the various administrative districts (viceroyalties, captaincies general) of Spanish America. They were empowered to hear complaints against viceroys and captains general (executive officers) and to take appropriate actions to curb abuses of power.

What was the main reason why the Spaniards left Cebu and settled in Panay?

Due to conflict with the Portuguese, who blockaded Cebu in 1568, and persistent supply shortages, in 1569 Legazpi transferred to Panay and founded a second settlement on the bank of the Panay River.

What was the importance of Legazpi expedition?

For Legazpi, the goal of the expedition was to establish direct contact between Asian trading centers and New Spain, making the Kingdom of Castile competitive with Portugal in developing potentially lucrative trade with the China coast, Japan and the Spice Islands.

What is considered the greatest contribution of Spaniards to Philippine society?

The Spaniards introduced Christianity (the Roman Catholic faith) and succeeded in converting the overwhelming majority of Filipinos. At least 83% of the total population belongs to the Roman Catholic faith. The American occupation was responsible for teaching the Filipino people the English language.

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Why was Magellan’s expedition significant?

In search of fame and fortune, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480-1521) set out from Spain in 1519 with a fleet of five ships to discover a western sea route to the Spice Islands. En route he discovered what is now known as the Strait of Magellan and became the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean.

How did colonization affect the Philippines?

Spanish Colonization (1565-1898)

Because Spain controlled the Philippines so early and for so long, they were a massive influence to the modern Filipino culture. The biggest influence still seen to this day is religion. … Another Spanish influence is seen in the arts, as most forms of Filipino art is heavily Spanish.

How did colonization influence Philippine art?

When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images. … They replaced the arts that were once done in a communal spirit and community setting for rituals. The church, particularly the friars, became the new patron of the arts.

What are the effects of colonization in the Philippines?

Under colonization, the Philippines produced crops and mined minerals for sale and export on the world market. After gaining in- dependence in 1946, it began rebuilding the nation, which was devas- tated by World War II (1935-1945). The Philippines underwent rapid development and modernization.

What was the father Urdaneta contribution to the voyage of Legazpi?

Urdaneta was a pioneer of the Pacific navigation; he was the discoverer of the “tornaviaje”, or return route to Spain. It must be remembered that all expeditions for the Philippines before Urdaneta failed.

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How did the 500 men from Legazpi able to conquer the 500000 settlers of the Philippines archipelago?

So Legazpi in essence hired mercenaries. And with them, blitzkrieged through Cebu. He then gained the allegiance of the locals of Panay island. He then blitzkrieged through Mindoro island and destroyed the Muslim bases that raided Panay island.

What are influences contributions of the Spaniards to Filipino culture?

Spain not only brought the Catholic religion to the Philippine islands, it also brought with it its culture and cuisine. … When the Spaniards arrived, they brought with them ingredients and labor-intensive cooking methods that were unknown in the Philippines.