The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora. Species endemism is very high, covering at least 25 genera of plants and 49% of terrestrial wildlife, while the country ranks fourth in bird endemism.
What is the current condition of some ecosystem in the Philippines?
The Philippines is suffering from degradation of the natural environment. It has fifty major rivers now polluted due to abuse and neglect. Approximately two-thirds of the country’s original mangroves have been lost. A hundred years ago, the Philippines had close to 22 million hectares of old growth forest.
What is the current status of biodiversity on Earth?
Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. Scientists have estimated that there are around 8.7 million species of plants and animals in existence. However, only around 1.2 million species have been identified and described so far, most of which are insects.
Why is biodiversity decreasing in the Philippine?
Because of the isolation of some of the islands of the Philippines since the Pleistocene era, Philippine forests are home to numerous endemic life forms. Rapid deforestation, transformation of mangrove swamps, and destruction of coral reefs all point to significant loss of biodiversity.
How many biodiversity are there in the Philippines?
The country hosts more than 52,177 described species,of which more than half is found nowhere else in the world. On a per unit area basis, the Philippines probably harbors more diversity of life than any other country on the planet.
What are the current issues in the Philippines 2020?
- Extrajudicial executions and impunity. …
- Repression of dissent. …
- Freedom of expression. …
- Freedoms of assembly and association. …
- Right to health. …
- Abuses by armed groups. …
- Death penalty. …
- Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people.
What is the condition of our environment today?
Our Mother Earth is currently facing a lot of environmental concerns. The environmental problems like global warming, acid rain, air pollution, urban sprawl, waste disposal, ozone layer depletion, water pollution, climate change and many more affect every human, animal, and nation on this planet.
How do we present biodiversity?
6 Ways to Preserve Biodiversity
- Support local farms. …
- Save the bees! …
- Plant local flowers, fruits and vegetables. …
- Take shorter showers! …
- Respect local habitats. …
- Know the source!
What is present biological diversity?
“Biological diversity” means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
How has biodiversity been affected in recent years?
Biodiversity, or the variety of all living things on our planet, has been declining at an alarming rate in recent years, mainly due to human activities, such as land use changes, pollution and climate change.
What factors affect the Philippines biodiversity?
Habitat loss, one of the reasons for deteriorating biodiversity, can be attributed to several factors as identified in the Philippine Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (PBSAP). These include forest degradation, unsustainable mineral extraction and human activities and practices, among others.
How can we protect biodiversity in the Philippines?
- Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
- Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
- Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.
What are the major environmental problems in the Philippines?
Other environmental problems that the country is facing include pollution, illegal mining and logging, deforestation, dynamite fishing, landslides, coastal erosion, wildlife extinction, global warming and climate change.
Why does the Philippines harbor such diversity?
Why do the Philippines harbor such diversity? The answer lies in the islands’ geology. Entirely surrounded by tropical seas, the Philippines are separated from the Asian landmass by hundreds of miles of open water in most directions.
What makes the Philippines the world’s center of biodiversity?
The Philippines forms an ocean region that has long been recognized as the world’s center of marine biodiversity. With the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea and Australia, the country forms the ‘Coral Triangle,’ so-called because of the abundance of its coral reef life.
What is the Philippine biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan?
The Philippine Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (PBSAP) is a strategic instrument, whose vision is that by 2028, biodiversity is restored and rehabilitated, valued, effectively managed and secured, maintaining ecosystem services to sustain healthy, resilient Filipino communities and delivering benefits to all.